Anthropology to south east asia

Anthropology to south east asia
The mid-20th century gave rise to the independence movement in South East Asia, where the local population raised against the oppression of colonists. In this regard, it is possible to single out independence movements in Vietnam and Indonesia.

In fact, both independence movements were provoked by the oppression from the part of colonists of the local population. The local population was unable to afford the economic and political oppression from the part of colonists. In this regard, Indonesia had the local administration and political leaders which strived for independence, whereas Vietnamese authorities were totally controlled by colonists. Indonesia had started the active struggle for independence after the withdrawal of Japanese, who supported local nationalism movement and, thus, created conditions for the development of the colonial model of the struggle for independence. Several political parties headed the independence movement and led the country to independence in the course of the four-year war against the Dutch.

In contrast, Vietnamese independence movement was headed by the Communist party, which was backed up by the USSR and other communist countries. Therefore, their struggle was grounded not only on the ideology of the struggle for independence but also on the communist ideology which went beyond the idea of the national independence. Instead, the Vietnamese war for independence was the war for the change of the social order along with independence.

Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is important to lay emphasis on the fact that Vietnamese and Indonesian independence movements struggled against colonists but their ultimate goals were different in a way because, along with independence, Vietnamese independence movement struggled for the change of the social order.

Anthropology to south east asia 8.7 of 10 on the basis of 3898 Review.