Andrew Carnegie and John Morrison

Andrew Carnegie and John Morrison
Nowadays scientific and mechanical progress became an inalienable part of everyday life. It is hard to deny that is bringing an improvement to mankind in general; but also it is impossible to deny that the progress is dividing separate people in to groups. Commonly we can see three groups. There are little of wealthy people and rests of human beings are divided into poor and middle classes.

According to Andrew Carnegie, this situation it not outrageous. Inside of his article named "Wealth," (North American Review (1889) he shows us that the division (also the division of labor) is an expectable phenomenon of the developed society.

He shows us that before people were equal inside the primitive community. There were no much differences between a chief and a simple member of a tribe. With time, money, trading, and working capital concentrated in hands of more enterprising people. Andrew Carnegie tries to prove us that the social stratification is an unavoidable phenomenon. It is true that there are just little people who are clever and businesslike enough to become a big owner. He considers it the part of progress, a kind of evolution that helps to improve the world.

Here is a quotation form the Carnegie’s article that shows his opinion: “We accept and welcome therefore, as conditions to which we must accommodate ourselves, great inequality of environment, the concentration of business, industrial and commercial, in the hands of a few, and the law of competition between these, as being not only beneficial, but essential for the future progress of the race. Having accepted these, it follows that there must be great scope for the exercise of special ability in the merchant and in the manufacturer who has to conduct affairs upon a great scale”.

Andrew Carnegie divides a lot of attention to the highest layers of the society - to those people who are owning capitals and giving working places to the rest of citizens. He try to show us that they are the most important the humanity.

Nevertheless, it is know that society cannot survive with just wealthy people. It is good that they are giving working places, but business cannot run with help of just a leader. Every leader needs the help of simple workers.

Let us see the opinion of the simple worker John Morrison. According to the article for discussion: “John Morrison was a young machinist who worked in New York City. He was one of hundreds of Americans who testified before a Senate committee investigating the causes of recent industrial strikes. Morrison focused on the changes he had seen in the workplace over the previous nine years. Like many American workers of the era, he believed that mechanization had led to a decline in both the status and demand for skilled labor”. This is the quotation from the Report of the Committee of the Senate upon the Relations between Labor and Capital, 48th Congress (1885), pp. 755–759 (Prepared in HTML by: Robert Bannister on 6/27/95.) Shortly we can see that Morrison as a representative of the working part of the society also agrees that progress is making our life better. We have an opportunity to work and make our own money. It is a great opportunity for the simple people.

He agrees that the progress in general is making life of a worker better, but he shows that the conditions of labor are supposed to be also improved according to the common technical progress. He does not agree that wealthy people have no right to separate themselves from workers of their manufactures and according to the progress they should improve the conditions for workers.

In conclusion, let us summarize the points of agreement and disagreement between Carnegie and Morrison. Both of them agree that the progress is important for the mankind and not everybody is able to become a wealthy holder. People are divided into workers and leaders. Nevertheless, Morrison as a representative form the workers states that wealthy people are not suppose to separate themselves from workers and they should improve the conditions of labor according to the progress.

Andrew Carnegie and John Morrison 8.2 of 10 on the basis of 2744 Review.