Reflection Question

Reflection Question
1. The Fundamental Attribution Error

The fundamental attribution error normally occurs when an individual over-estimates his or her personal views and under-estimates the situation in which an event or issue occurs. For instance, an individual observes another individual begging for money or a piece of food. The observer can find the behavior of the beggar unacceptable because it contradicts to the social norm he get used to. Often people think that they would never start begging whatever happens in their life. Nevertheless, in such a situation, the observer underestimates the situational explanation for the behavior of the beggar. The beggar could have lost all the opportunities to earn money and he could be starving, whereas begging is the last chance for him to get some food and to survive. In such a way, the observer commits the fundamental attribution error as he attributes social norms he get used to to another individual, who may be in a desperate position and the situation forces him to act in this particular way and not the other.

2. Social control to enforce folkways and mores

The social control can prevent or decrease the risk of deviant behavior because through folkways and more the society controls the behavior of individuals. To put it more precisely, the society has a set of values, folkways and mores, which are considered to be a norm. Any violation of these norms leads to the exclusion of the individual from the community. For instance, any case of deviation or anti-social behavior leads to the moral condemnation of an offender, whereas in serious cases the legal liability occurs.

Reflection Question 9.9 of 10 on the basis of 1987 Review.