United States and Canada Healthcare Comparison

United States and Canada Healthcare Comparison
United States and Canada are two countries that are close to each other. Let us compare the health care system of the two countries.
Rashford (2007) allows us to mention that USA and Canada health care systems had many in common before health care system of Canada was reformed in the middle of the 20 century (1960s and 1970s).
What are the differences and similar point between the two systems we can find now?
If talk about material means, USA spends more money than Canada to support health care system inside the country. It is true about a per-capita basis and also we can see that the percentage of GDP supports that fact. According to the OECD Health Data 2008: How Does Canada Compare, in the year 2006 “per-capita spending for health care in Canada was US$3,678; in the U.S., US$6,714. The U.S. spent 15.3% of GDP on health care in that year; Canada spent 10.0%”.
The document U.S. Health Care Spending: Comparison with Other OECD Countries: Congressional Research Service (2007) show us that “in 2004, government funding of health care in Canada was equivalent to [US$] 1,893 per person. In the U.S. government spending per person was US$ 2,728”.
Now let us talk about government involvement in the health care system in both of the countries.
We need to say that Canada has some programs that help people to insure their health. As it was stated in Mattke’s, Epstein’s and Leatherman’s work the country has universal single-payer system. Authors emphasized that the system helps to cover almost 70% of money that a person spends on treatment. Some people are insured fully.
What can we say about USA? Consumer Reports Study on the Uninsured (2007) demonstrated that, for example, almost 50 millions of Americans are not insured (it is more than 16%). In addition, USA does not have a form of universal health coverage. Anyway, this percentage is not so great. We can see that government in both of the countries is closely involved into health care system. There are just some differences in the system of health insurance.
What can we say about coverage and access to health care in Canada and USA? According to Rashford (2007) interesting information became available and we can find some problems in both of the countries. If talking about US, 40% of its people do not have good insurance or any insurance at all. At the same time just 5% of citizens cannot find a constant doctor for themselves. 9% of Canadians have never been looked for the regular doctors. In spite of this fact every Canadian is protected by the national health care system and treatment is available to any person in any time.
In US universal health care is not guaranteed by the government. Consumer Reports Study on the Uninsured presented useful facts and according to them 24% of Americans have “underinsured account… and live with skeletal health insurance that barely covers their medical needs and leaves them unprepared to pay for major medical expenses. When added to the population of uninsured (approximately 16% of the U.S. population), a total of 40% of Americans ages 18–64 have inadequate access to health care.”
What is the price of health in both US and Canada? Let us compare. Health is expensive in US and Canada as well. To be short in my conclusion I want to give one quotation here taken from World Health Organization: Core Health Indicators (2007): “Private spending for health care is also far greater in the U.S. than in Canada. In Canada, an average of $917 was spent annually by individuals or private insurance companies for health care, including dental, eye care, and drugs. In the U.S., this sum is $3,372”.
Talking about the quality and continuity of the treatment, we can state that what people most complain on in both of the countries is waiting time. U.S. Health Care Spending: Comparison with Other OECD Countries document shows us that in USA access to treatment depends on if a patient has money to pay for it and also if services are available in a person’s area. In Canada according to the same document the main problem is the availability of services and needed treatment in an area.
United States and Canada Healthcare systems are different in their essence and in this paper were presented a brief compare of USA and Canada health care systems.

References:

Consumer Reports Study on the Uninsured (2007). Retrieved from http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/2007/08/cu_insurance.html
Mattke, S., Epstein, A. and Leatherman, S. (2006, September). “The OECD Health Care Quality Indicators Project: history and background.” International Journal for Quality in Health Care. Retrieved from http://intqhc.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/18/suppl_1/1
OECD Health Data 2008: How Does Canada Compare. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/46/33/38979719.pdf
Rashford, M. (2007). A Universal Healthcare System: Is It Right for the United States? Nursing Forum, Vol. 42.
U.S. Health Care Spending: Comparison with Other OECD Countries. Congressional Research Service. (2007, September). Retrieved from http://opencrs.com/document/RL34175/
World Health Organization: Core Health Indicators. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/whosis/en/ (2007-06-20)

United States and Canada Healthcare Comparison 9.6 of 10 on the basis of 2009 Review.