Hate crimes

Hate crimes
Hate crime is a special legal qualification of a special kind of crimes against persons committed by the offender under the influence of hatred against persons of a different race, ethnicity, religion, ethnic origin, political belief, sex or sexual orientation.

Hate crime can be any criminal act committed against an individual or property caused by the hatred of the offender to a particular race, nationality (ethnic origin), religion, sex, sexual orientation. Especially scary could be that if a person is attacked because of who he is. Hate crimes can take many forms, which include:

- Racist incidents (threats or insults), orally and in writing;
- Teasing, harassment;
- Waste;
- Distribution or display of racist or other materials containing hate;
- Offensive graffiti;
- Any physical violence.

This legal qualification exists in some states and in some countries in Western and Central Europe. In many cases, the qualification of the crime as "hate crimes" toughens criminal penalties imposed by the perpetrator. Increased penalties can be expressed in a greater term of imprisonment, in the appointment of life imprisonment. In some U.S. states, where the death penalty, tougher penalties can be expressed in the appointment of the perpetrator of the death penalty. In other cases, the qualification of the crime as a hate crime cannot change the severity of punishment and being only a moral and political or legalistic in nature.
The motive for the hate crimes turns out to be very difficult when prosecuting hate crimes, as it is not easy to understand and to judge properly when there was committed a hate crime. In fact hate crimes criminalize thoughts rather than behavior, as it cannot be predicted and analyzed, as it is a process and there is a reason, usually a personal one, and in most cases it is significant. So the hate crimes are more profound in their sense, feelings and in their vision, and it is also difficult to understand them and analyze.

In some of the United States, as well as in the other Western and Central European countries, formal legal qualifications of a crime as "hate crimes" in the law is missing and accused of the crimes of this kind are judged as for ordinary crimes (for example, ordinary murder). However, prevailing on the fact of judicial practice in these countries, it is traditionally taken into account the motive of hatred among the murderers, which usually entails a more severe punishment, even in the absence of a formal legal qualification of crimes as "hate crimes".

In some countries in Western and Central Europe and some states in the U.S. to the category of persons, crimes against who fall into the category of "hate crimes", are classified as people of different sexual orientation, gender and different disabilities.

References

A Policymaker’s Guide to Hate Crimes. Retrieved 16 August 2010, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/bja/162304.pdf
Human Rights First (2008). Hate Crime Survey. Retrieved 16 August 2010, from http://www.humanrightsfirst.org/discrimination/pages.aspx?id=157
Stop Hate Crimes! Retrieved 16 August 2010, from http://psychology.ucdavis.edu/rainbow/html/hate_crimes.html

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