Argumentative Essay - The Positive Impact of Parole and Probation on the Drop of Crime Rates

Argumentative Essay - The Positive Impact of Parole and Probation on the Drop of Crime Rates
Today, the problem of the rising crime rate is one of the most challengeable problems the modern justice system and law enforcement agencies have to deal with. In actuality, the existing criminal justice system cannot stop rising crime rates, whereas the control of law enforcement agencies over the inner city becomes weaker in the context of growing crime rates. In such a situation, the solution of this problem is essential but the traditional approaches to its solution have proved to be ineffective, including the incarceration of criminals and the wider use of incarceration of juvenile offenders. In this regard, the modern criminal justice system and law enforcement agencies should find a new, better solution which can bring positive outcomes and change the situation for better, such as the introduction of new measure of punishment or wider use of existing measurements which limit offenders but do not lead to their isolation from the society. In this respect, parole and probation may be good alternatives to traditional approaches to the punishment of criminals and effective measures to prevent rising crime rates.

In actuality, it is possible to presuppose that the wider introduction of the parole and probation instead of incarceration can lead to the decrease of crime rate and positive changes in offenders’ behavior in a long-run perspective. At any rate, such changes are worth trying because the existing measures are not really effective and fail to prevent the rise of crime rates. In this respect, it is possible to refer to current trends which reveal the substantial growth of crime rates, especially in the inner city, where the situation is particularly difficult. In fact, practically each large city in the US, such as New York, Chicago, and others face the problem of the growing crime rates, especially in the inner city, which turns into a sort of ghetto, where law enforcement agencies cannot control the situation adequately and the emergence of crime activities is controlled rather by street gangs than by law enforcement agencies. In response to such growth of crime rates, the modern criminal justice systems introduces severe measures to punish offender sentencing criminals to long terms, developing the system of the juvenile criminal justice and incarcerating juvenile offenders. In such a way, the major response of the criminal justice system and law enforcement agencies to the growth of crime rates is the growth of the jail population.

However, such an approach is not effective. At any rate, the aforementioned measures have failed to bring any positive outcomes. Instead, they have led to a consistent growth of the jail population but crime rates keep growing. In such a situation, many specialists (Hayward, 2004) argue about the necessity of the wider introduction of parole and probation as preventive measures to stop the growth of crime rates.

In fact, specialists (Clear, Cole and Reising, 2008) have several arguments in favor of parole and probation as effective measure of crime prevention. First of all, the parole and probation do not lead to the isolation of a criminal from the society. As a result, the criminal can stay within a community being under the permanent control from the part of the community and law enforcement agencies responsible for parole and probation. Secondly, parole and probation prevent the criminal from the communication with other offenders. At this point, it is worth mentioning the fact that many specialists (Hayward, 2004) believe that the communication and interaction with other offenders prevents criminals from the integration into the normal social life and deteriorates their behavior, whereas the impact of criminal environment is particularly significant in relation to juvenile offenders. Finally, some specialists (Clear, Cole and Reising, 2008) stand on the ground that community can help offenders to change their antisocial behavior and start a new life. Therefore, the use of parole and probation can facilitate the integration of criminals into communities that prevents them from cases of recidivism.

Thus, taking into account all above mentioned, it is important to lay emphasis on the fact that the wider use of parole and probation instead of incarceration of offenders can be effective measure to prevent the growth of crime rates. Parole and probation lead to the consistent change in the environment and behavior of offenders. Moreover, they stay under the control of communities and law enforcement agencies. Finally, they get an opportunity to change their criminal lifestyle and start a new, normal life. Thus, they have an opportunity to integrate into a normal social life due to parole and probation, which prevent crimes and, therefore, can decrease crime rates.

References:

Clear, T.R., J.F. Cole and M.D. Reising. (2008). American Corrections. New York: Thomson Wadsworth.
Hayward, K. J. (2004). City Limits: Crime, Consumerism and the Urban Experience. New York: Routledge.

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