Social Psychology Paper

Social Psychology Paper
Social Psychology is a section of psychology, which studies human behavior in society. Social psychology studies: the social psychology of identity, the social psychology of communities and communication, and social relations and forms of spiritual activity.

Social Psychology also studies the behavior and activities of people due to their inclusion in social groups, as well as the psychological characteristics of the groups themselves. Social psychology is also the science of studying the regularities of the emergence, functioning and manifestations of mental phenomena, which are the result of the interaction of people (and groups) as representatives of different schools.

Social psychology includes three main sections: the social psychology of groups, social psychology of communication and social psychology of personality. Intrapersonal conflict is the conflict of the social roles of one person. The interaction of two people is the communication between the two people, building their relationship. Communication is the semantic aspect of social interaction, actions, deliberately aimed at their semantic perception by others, sometimes referred to as communicative acts. The main functions of the communication process are to achieve social community while maintaining the individuality of each element. The conflict is the clash of contradictory tendencies, interests, manifested in the persistent attempts of the parties to defend their positions.

There are various articles on social psychological theory of public mirrors. They include: Psychology of the masses and analysis of the human I to Freud; Le Bon and his characterization of the mass of the soul; Problems of social psychology; The concept of the unity of personality development and the human psyche; The theory of identity-group relationships; Sources of social progress; Social development; How to protect yourself from mental disease and not become a loony; Family relationships; The crowd and lead the crowd riots and other forms of collective action; The people and democracy; The mass-man; Generalized evaluation of collective mental life and Personnel management system or complex institutional, socio-economic, psychological, moral and legal decisions that ensure the effective implementation of the capacity of workers.

Social psychology is one of the four main branches of psychology which origins date back to early sixteenth century. Its beginnings date back to the year 1879, specifically with the appearance of the psychology of peoples, developed by Wilhelm Wundt. Social psychology studies the way behaviors and thoughts of people are influenced by the real presence, imagined or implied of others. Consequently, with this definition, it refers to the empirical scientific research. As a fact, feelings and behaviors include all psychological variables that can be measured in a person.

Social psychology can also be defined as the science of social phenomena and try to discover the laws of governing cohabitation. It also investigates the social organizations and seeks to establish patterns of behavior of individuals in the groups, the roles they play and all situations that influence their behavior. Every social group adopts a form of organization dictated by the same company in order to efficiently solve the problems of subsistence.

As a rule, the experts of this sphere perceive and understand an individual’s behavior as a consequence of experiences in the social psychology and different situations. In the famous heuristic, the behavior may be seen as a function of the individual and the environment. As a rule, social psychologists have a preference for the laboratory research and findings. The theories of psychologists are usually specific and focused, than global. As a fact, social psychology has become an intermediary in science with the specific aspects of study between psychology and sociology. For many years soon after the World War II, there was a brief collaboration between psychologists and sociologists. But, at the same time, these two disciplines have shifted toward an attitude of increasingly specialized and then as a fact, isolated from each other. Recently, sociologists have focused on macro variables (for example social structure), going to a much larger extent. Nowadays, sociological approaches to social psychology become an important counterpart to psychological research in the area.
Soon after psychology and sociology have been divided, became much less visible difference in emphasis between social psychologists in America and social psychologists in Europe. Making a broad generalization, one can say that, traditionally, U.S. researchers focused more on individuals, when social psychologists from Europe paid more attention to the group level research.

As a fact, the four key characteristics of social psychology are broad scope, cultural mandate, scientific methods, and search for wisdom. And, moreover, the broad scope, cultural mandate, scientific methods, and search for wisdom are the key elements in social psychology and they perfectly characterize it; and, certainly, they are not the only characteristics. These four key characteristics provide a framework for the successful study of social influence of the individual and give the psychologists a starting point for social research.

Situationism is an approach to the personality, which states that people have more influence from external and situational factors than by internal motivations. It describes the factors and the influence of them on an individual. The five core social motives in the social psychology are belonging, understanding, controlling, self-enhancing and trusting. These motives aid our social survival and altogether provide unity and moreover they are one of the ways to organize the field.

The works of social scientists have more emphasis on group behavior that is why it can be stated that the new facts of exchange at the micro level, group dynamics, interaction, group development, and also the macro level research were successful. Nowadays, sociologists are interested in individuals and groups, but also in general context of broader social processes, socialization and divisions by race, gender or class. As a fact, psychologists use different methods and approaches most suitable for the research and the methods, which include sampling procedures. As a rule, sociologists in the current area pay more attention to the multifaceted discoveries. Some of their major areas of the research in psychology include social inequality, social change and socialization, which are of a particular interest to the social psycologists. All these aspects of studies are very essential, as they help to explore the social psychology of individuals and of the target groups.

References

David G. Myers, McGraw Hill (1993). Social Psychology. Retrieved 11 September 2010, from http://books.google.com/books?id=hrydA45eCk0C&q=social+psychology&dq=social+psychology&pgis=1
Jerald Greenberg & Robert Folger (1988). The Scientific Status of Social Psychology. Controversial Issues in Social Research Methods, New York: Springer-Verlag.

Social Psychology Paper 7.8 of 10 on the basis of 1606 Review.