Compare and contrast Rastafarianism and voodoo

Compare and contrast Rastafarianism and voodoo
Rastafarian religious movement is to the same extent as the political and cultural, founded in the 30th years and recognized the celebration of black Jamaican of African descent. At the root lies smoking Ganji and his biblical justification (as well as Ethiopians, Zion and the Copts). And Ethiopia, with its historic traditions of cannabis is considered Rastafarians as a symbol of freedom and sovereignty, the Emperor Hail Selyassi is considered a reincarnation of the Lord. Cannabis tradition and reverence were brought along with slaves in the countries of Caribbean basin in the 19 century, but the production of plants did not show the necessary results - in 1800 in Britain was an attempt to grow Industrial Hemp. Among the many rastaman words for cannabis (Kaya, Herb. ...) There are two clearly Hindu origin - Ganja and Cali, which may result from migration of workers from India to Ethiopia.

As stated in The Rastafarians, the authentic Jamaican religion that influenced all aspects of the life of the island and it is a part of the world - from art to politics, language and especially music. There was founded black activist and national hero Marcus Garvey. The only God-Jah Ras Tafari Makonnen, known as the Emperor of Ethiopia Haile Selassie of Ethiopia. This Rastas worship Jah, is opposed to Babylon, believes that black people will unite in the land of Ethiopia (in the Holy Zion), do not eat salt and meat, smoke Ganja, considered sacred, and then wiping everything with others to grow. Of course, he wears dreadlocks and covers their knitted cap (see the portrait of Bob Marley). Rasta colors - red (clear, blood), black (respectively, the skin), gold (victory over Babylon) and green (fertile hemp fields of Jamaica, Ethiopia).

Voodoo is the general name of religious beliefs that have emerged among the descendants of black slaves exported from Africa to South and Central America. As described in Voodoo and Hoodoo: The Craft as Revealed by Traditional Practioners, based on the beliefs of the peoples of Dahomey voodoo appeared in Haiti, Santeria - based on the beliefs of the Yoruba people appeared in Cuba, Macumba - also based on the beliefs of the Yoruba appeared in Brazil. In Brazil, there are also such as Umbanda religion, kimbanda, Candomblé.

Followers of Haitian voodoo believe in the existence of God, the creator (Bondieu - Good God) who is not involved in the lives of its creatures and spirits (Loa) who are children of God the creator and who pray and worship as the senior family members. According to Hindu tradition, voodoo followers, a man lives a few showers. Before the birth and after death he is Guinean angel. In addition, it is living God’s Ambassador - a conscience.

Followers of voodoo has about 50 million are widespread in Haiti, Benin, Congo, Brazil, Trinidad, USA (New Orleans), Cuba and Jamaica, as well as in small quantities around the world. Voodoo Rituals are from the evil of sacrifice and saving cleaning mascots. Music and dance is a key part of the rituals of voodoo. As a sanctuary followers of voodoo choose conventional housing (hunfor - a sanctuary). Key attributes: Mitan (post - the road of the gods) and black candles. Three drummers, tapping a clear rhythm, with each its own, declare the opening ceremony. After that song is sung, a petition, addressed to Loa (distorted French «roi»). Then follows the obligatory ecstatic dance to the sound of drums. Women are in white dresses and men in suits. The participants then Santeria (ceremony) fall into a trance and they descended the grace of spirits (Loa). The victim is hung upside down and stabbed a ritual dagger. Thus, there is cleaning the shell body and the soul of the sinner becomes faith voodoo. Ardent followers of this religion removed from the skin of their victims, than show that the shell of a sinner. This is done in order to give the soul to freely exit the body.

Sacerdotal differentiation:

Hungan (houngan) - a priest.
Mambo (mambo) - a female priest.
Ngombe (ngombo) - shaman.
Bokor (bokor) - a priest, a practitioner of voodoo magic with puppets and zombies.
La Place (la place) - deacon, MS, assistant priest.
Unsi (hounsi) - a group of dancing girls dressed in white.

Pantheon of voodoo very extensive and cannot be a strict classification. It includes as a proper African deities and gods, borrowed from other religions: Roman Catholic saints, spirits of the local Indian population, and so on. In addition, each community priests can organize their own worship of deities of local importance, such deities are often former leaders of the community. Nevertheless, you can try to allocate a certain number of the most important deities in the pantheon of voodoo.

African slaves brought to America to spread their beliefs on the continent, as stated in An educator's classroom guide to America's religious beliefs and practices. Currently, there are the followers of voodoo in Cuba, Haiti (where voodoo is the official religion) and the United States among African Americans (especially a lot of them in New Orleans where voodoo has penetrated even in the XVII century). In 1791 Haiti’s uprising led voodoo followers: after the ceremony voodoo followers went to kill whites. The best-known New Orleans voodoo queen Marie Laveau was (XIX century). In 2001, founded the Haitian voodoo church. Vodun - originated in the Caribbean religion, is known as Voodoo and Hoodoo. The roots of religion go to West Africa, where slaves were brought to Haiti. The word comes from vodun vodu, which means “spirit” or “God” in the language of the Fon, one of the dialects of Dahomey (region of West Africa), it is there and it is to give the habitat of deities vodun, Loa. The mixture of traditional beliefs and Catholic nation of Dahomey ceremony led to the formation of this religion. On the basis of this religion can be attributed to the product of the slave trade. It was a kind of slaves in response to the humiliations which they had endured during the heyday of the slave trade. Under fear of terrible torture and executions of religion was banned by local authorities, the slaves forcibly baptized as Catholics, which reflected the customs and rituals of religion, which the local population kept very secret. Specifically, this meant that the deities are similar in form to the Catholic saints, their rituals, those who professed voodoo, to get close to a Catholic, began to use the statues, candles, relics, heirlooms and the like. Subsequently, together with the settlers religion vodun migrated to other Caribbean islands, the most common, she has earned in Jamaica and Trinidad. In addition, in Cuba, in particular, it transformed into Santeria religion (Santeria), where instead brought about by the French Catholic beginning, along with African, Spanish raised Catholic tendencies. Although, in principle, all religions Caribbean somehow similar to each other, having common roots and differing only in detail. In 1860 the Vatican was forced to admit that vodun is a form of Catholicism, but the Haitians themselves claim that their religion is older and deeper than Christianity, that it absorbed the best of all religions, past and present. Indeed, voodoo is very difficult to adhere to any one system because it is voodoo. this festival in honor of the goddess of love Erzuli (Erzulie) (under the guise that you can see the features of the Egyptian Isis and the Greek Aphrodite and Roman Venus, and the Christian Virgin Mary), and the simultaneous worship of the serpent Ouroboros, swallowing its own tail - a symbol of harmony of the universe and Eternity in the ancient world. Ouroboros, or as they call it the Haitians, Damballa Wedo (Damballah Wedo), the main and necessary element in all the mysteries of voodoo, because it is the beginning and end of all things ocean of Eternity, from all sides surrounding the material world, boundless space, of which all came and to which all will return again.

Works cited

Alvarado, D. (2008). The Voodoo Hoodoo Spellbook. CreateSpace. P.120- 170.

Barrett, Leonard E. (1997). The Rastafarians. Beacon Press; 20 Anv edition. p. 252

Hubbard, Benjamin Jerome; Hatfield, John T; Santucci, James A (2007). An educator's classroom guide to America's religious beliefs and practices, p. 156. Retrieved 20 July 2010.

Jim Haskins (1978). Voodoo and Hoodoo: The Craft as Revealed by Traditional Practioners. Scarborough House; First edition.

McAlister, Elizabeth. (1993). Sacred Stories from the Haitian Diaspora: A Collective Biography of Seven Vodou Priestesses in New York City. Journal of Caribbean Studies, Vol. 9, Nos 1 & 2 (Winter 1993): 10-27.

Rastafarianism (2010). Retrieved 15 July 2010

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