Religious Groups

Religious Groups
Religion has always been of the utmost importance for the life of people because it is from the religion people get the source of inspiration and explanation of basic concepts and norms of their social life. At the same time, classic sociologists distinguish different types of religious groups or societies, which have their own peculiarities.

The first type of religious groups is the natural community, which is united by the kinship and close relationships between people, who belong to the same tribe or group of people, who felt their unity on the basis of their kinship. This group has common religion and often the early human societies had this type of religious grouping. For instance, totemic groups date back to the time, when people belonging to one and the same tribe or clan worshiped their common ancestor, which they often associated with an animal.

Another type of religious groups is the voluntary religious group, which is united on the ground of common beliefs. In fact, group members of the voluntary religious group do not have any common origin or close relationships but it is the religion and their beliefs that unite them. For instance, modern world religions, like Christianity or Islam, unite people, who belong to different ethnic groups, social classes but they are united by their beliefs in God or Allah respectively. This group may be divided into founded group, where the religious beliefs are imposed on the community by a prophet or messenger, who has the highest authority and charisma making worshippers to follow his lead, and church-type, where the church performs the role of mediator between God and worshipers.

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